Vizier Ali ibn Isa al-Jarrah and waqf
Ali ibn Isa ibn Daoud al-Jarrah (Dayr Qunna, 859 – Baghdad, 1 August 946), was a Persian leader of the Abbasid caliphate. Born into a family with a long history of service in the Abbasid government, he came to power in the Abbasid court as a vizier in 913-917, 918-923 and 927-928.
His political career, coinciding with the final decline of the Abbasid state, was eventful, marked by a power struggle with his rival, Abu Ali Hasan Ali ibn al-Furat and his followers, resulting in frequent periods of exile. Unlike Ibn al-Furat’s largesse and extravagance, Ali ibn Isa was austere and a determined opponent of corruption, which earned him many enemies. Nevertheless, he was later considered the “good vizier” for his administrative talent and honesty.
A very good statesman
He was a master as a statesman. He was a superior, religious, scrupulous man, leading a life of austerity and abstinence.
“I do not know,” said Souli, “that the Abbasids had a vizier who resembled Ali, son of Isa, as to his abstinence, his chastity, his knowledge of the Koran by heart, his knowledge of the intimate meaning of this book. his skill as a writer and as a calculator, or who has made as much alms and charitable works as himself. “
The income which Ali Ibn ‘Isa derived each year from his rural estates was, it is said, more than 80,000 dinars, of which he spent half for the poor and the needy, and the other half for himself. , his family and those who were attached to him.
He took an active interest in the affairs of the vizierate, put order in the offices and the accounts, and established the basic rules. His era was the best time of a vizier.
The most serious fault, it is said, that we have had to reproach ‘Ali son of Isa, is that it was said of him that he considered the details of the affairs too much so that often they made him lose sight of the whole thing.
When he was invested with the vizier, his alms and his charitable works spread everywhere. He held a hearing to correct the grievances from dawn until the time of the ‘asr.
It was confined to the most frugal food and the coarsest garment.
He established in waqf (pious foundations) several buildings, belonging to the domains of the Sultan, and specially created for them an office, which he called “office of the pious works”, whose revenues he intended for the maintenance of the frontier places and to both holy and noble cities.
An example of his behavior in waqf management
Letter from Ali ibn Isa concerning the administration of funds of a hospital.
This facility, located in Al-Mukharrim, was known as the Badr al-Mu’tadhidi hospital and it was talking through half the funds of a waqf, or a religious trust founded by the mother The other half is distributed monthly among the Hashimites or members of The Prophet’s Family (Prayer and Blessing).
At that time, the administrator of this waqf was some Abu Suqr al Kalwadhi. Sinan complained to Ali that he favored the Hashimites at the expense of the hospital: winter was at the rendezvous and the patients did not have enough fuel, provisions, and blankets. Ali immediately wrote on the back of Sinan’s letter a note to Abu’s-Suqr reminding him. The fact that he favored the powerful Hashimites to the detriment of the wretched inmates of the hospital was a particularly detrimental reaction to his honesty and charity. He demanded Abu’s Suqr provide the hospital with everything he needed, correct the embezzlement and provide a report to show exactly how the expenses were spent.
Excerpt: https://historyislamic.wordpress.com/2014/09/28/regn-du-calife-abbasside-al-muqtadir-908-932-and-appearance-of-fatimids-by-al-tiqtaqa-du- kitab-al-fakhri /
Excerpt: the life and times of Ali Ibn Isa